During Industrial Revolution 4.0 Era, Palm Oil Plantation

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At this time the planet is at the age of the 4th Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) that is distinguished by the implementation of artificial intelligence, super pc, large information, cloud computation, and electronic innovation that happens in the exponential pace which will directly affect to the market, industry, government, and even international politics.The Industrial Revolution 4.0 is characterized with a wise industrialization process which describes improved automation, machine-to-machine and human-to-machine communication, artificial intelligence (AI), and the development of sustainable digital technology.Industrial Revolution 4.0 is also interpreted as an effort to alter the process of improvement by incorporating the manufacturing line (production line) together with the world of cyber, where most of production processes run online through internet connection as the main support.Road Map to Industrial 4.0 at Palm Oil IndustryIn Indonesia the application of industry 4.0 is anticipated to increase innovation and productivity, reduce operational costs, and efficiency that contributed to increase the export of domestic products. To be able to accelerate the execution of Industry 4.0, Indonesia has developed a roadmap for industry 4.0 by setting five manufacturing sectors which are going to be a top priority in its own development, such as food and beverage industry, automotive, electronics, textiles and chemicals.The five industry sectors are favored considering they have shown their great contribution to the national economic development. By way of example, the food and drink industry, particularly the palm oil industry, has a market share with growth reaching 9.23% in 2017. In addition, the sector also became the largest foreign exchange contributor from the non-oil sector which reached around 34.33% in year 2017.The size of the contribution of the food and beverage industry sector can also be seen from the value of exports reaching 31.7 billion US dollars in 2017, even using a trade balance surplus when compared with the import value of only US $ 9.6 billion. This figure also places the palm oil sector as the largest foreign market contributor to the nation.The structural transformation from the agricultural sector to the industrial sector has also improved per capita income and pushed Indonesians from agrarian to markets that rely in an industry-driven value-added process accelerated by the creation of digital technologies.In the context of this industrial revolution 4.0, the palm oil industry sector should immediately clean up, particularly in the part of digital technology. That is considering the mastery of electronic technology will be the key that determines the validity of Indonesia.Because if not, then the Indonesian palm oil sector will be increasingly left behind from other nations. If we do not improve our capabilities and competitiveness in priority sectors, we won’t only have the ability to reach the target but will be overridden by additional countries which are better prepared in the global and domestic markets.Digitalization Era in Palm Oil IndustryAs a major player in the global palm oil business, Indonesia needs to clean up shortly. Complete procedure and operational efficiency is instantly undertaken particularly regarding activities involving many manpower such as field work (infield activity) such as crop maintenance, land treatment, fertilizing action, weeding, harvesting and hauling fruit to weighing and sorting. This is because in this industry there is often time and price inefficiency.Digital technology has facilitated a great deal of work at the palm oil market. Now no more have to make statistical data collected from a number of palm plantations manually. Ease and other advantages of digital technologies is able to capture images or photos of fresh fruit bunches, as well as precise location of the garden using a tablet that could access the GPS. And incredibly, it doesn’t need their presence on the field.


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